Istanbul Conquest Prayer at Santa Sophia Museum Square
Thousands gather to mark the 563rd anniversary of the Conquest of Istanbul by performing prayer in fSanta Sophia Museum Squareront of Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia Museum Square . 27 May 2016 – 28 May 2016
Built in the sixth century, the Hagia Sophia, which means Holy Wisdom in Greek, was converted to a mosque in 1453 when the Ottomans conquered what was then called Constantinople
Key dates in Constantinople’s history
330 AD: Roman Emperor Constantine I relocates the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium and renames the city Constantinople.
413-414 AD: Theodosius II orders the construction of 18-metre (60-foot)-tall triple-wall fortifications, which weren’t breached until the introduction of gunpowder.
537 AD: Hagia Sophia is built. Upon seeing its magnificence, Emporer Justinian proclaims, “O Solomon, I have outdone thee!” Hagia Sophia was served by 600 people including 80 priests and cost 20,000 pounds of gold to build.
1182 AD: The Massacre of the Latins (Roman Catholics) by the Eastern Orthodox population of the city further worsens relations and increases enmity between the Western and Eastern Christian churches.
1197 AD: Constantinople is struck by a severe fire which burns down the Latin Quarter and the area around the Gate of the Droungarios on the Golden Horn.
1202 AD: The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople. Crusaders loot, terrorise, and vandalise the city for three days. Many ancient and medieval Roman and Greek works are either destroyed or stolen. Legendary bronze horses from the Hippodrome are sent back to adorn the facade of St Mark’s Basilica in Venice, where they remain. Works of immeasurable artistic value are destroyed. One of the most valuable works of art to suffer such a fate is the giant bronze statue of Hercules. The great Library of Constantinople is also destroyed. Crusaders stole or destroyed all they could lay their hands on, even the tombs of the emperors inside the St Apostles Church were looted. Thousands of civilians are killed. Women, including nuns, are raped by the Crusaders. Churches, monasteries and convents are sacked, altars of these churches are smashed and torn to pieces for their gold and marble. The sacking of Constantinople in 1204 is a blow from which Byzantines never fully recover.
1261 AD: After 57 years of Crusader rule, the Byzantines retake their capital.
1453 AD: The city is besieged and captured by Ottoman forces led by Mehmet II. Under the Ottomans the city was called both Konstantiniyye and Istanbul in Turkish.
1459 AD: The construction of Topkapi Palace begins. It would serve as the primary residence of the Ottoman sultans for almost 400 years. It is now a museum and a major tourist attraction. It also contains important holy relics of the Muslim world, including the Prophet Muhammed’s cloak and sword.
1460 AD: The Grand Bazaar, one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world, is built. It has been listed No. 1 among the world’s most-visited tourist attractions with 91,250,000 annual visitors.
1509 AD: A devastating earthquake strikes Istanbul. A tsunami and 45 days of aftershocks follow the quake. Over 1,000 houses and 109 mosques are destroyed, and an estimated 10,000 people die.
1918 AD: Allied forces occupy Istanbul in accordance with the Armistice of Mudros, which ended Ottoman participation in the First World War. Along with the occupation of Izmir, this mobilised the establishment of the Turkish national movement and led to the Turkish War of Independence.
1923 AD: The occupation ends and city became part of the newly formed Republic of Turkey. The capital is changed from Istanbul to Ankara.
1930 AD: The city is officially renamed “Istanbul.”
If you want to join 2017 Conquest of Istanbul Pray please write us !!!
Here you can see our others Islamic Tour in Istanbul
Some Tours Recommadations in Istanbul and Turkey ;
Check out Istanbul Tour in this website ;
Check out our Art and Cultural Tours as well in this website ;
Check out our Islamic Tours as well in this website ;
Check out our Whirling Dervish ceremonies as well in this website;
Check out Ephesus Tour as well in this website ;
Check out Cappadocia Tour as well in this website ;
Senguler Tourism Co Ltd Agency Licence ( A ) 4691
Adress : Ishak Pasa Caddesi No:6 Floor:1 Sultanahmet Istanbul / TURKEY
Tel : +90 212 638 12 15 Fax: +90 212 638 76 06 Cell : +90 533 738 58 62
Facebook = hakanhboglu Twitter = hakanhacibekir Instagram = hakanhacibekir
Web : www.istanbullife.org Web : www.istanbulrentals.com Web : www.turkeylifetours.org Web : http://www.istanbuljewishheritagetours.com/
24/7 Online mail = firstname.lastname@example.org & Mail : email@example.com
Trip Advisor = http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g293974-d2334260-Reviews-Istanbul_Life_Jewish_Heritage_Tours-Istanbul.html
Trip Advisor = http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g293974-d3735660-Reviews-Istanbul_Life_Cultural_Tours_Day_Tours-Istanbul.html